Volusia County Police Move to New Crime Reporting System | News


For years, law enforcement agencies have used a Uniform Crime Reporting program commonly known as UCR to track data.

What is changing is that the UCR will move from a Summary Reporting System (SRS) of collecting crime data to a National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). All local law enforcement agencies are making the switch.

The FBI website states, “Just as the Ford Model T automobile revolutionized transportation in 1908, the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program’s Summary Reporting System (SRS) revolutionized crime statistics when it was first designed. in 1929. But just as the Model T was replaced with a more innovative and useful alternative, the SRS was replaced by the more detailed and comprehensive National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS).

About a third of law enforcement agencies in the United States participate in NIBRS, according to the FBI. “Fortunately, every agency is about to learn the usefulness of NIBRS for crime measurement and analysis. With NIBRS, the American people can get answers to questions about crime that SRS cannot provide.

Implemented to improve the overall quality of crime data collected by law enforcement, the NIBRS captures details about every single criminal incident – as well as separate offenses within the same incident – including information on victims, known offenders, relationships between victims and offenders, arrestees, and property involved in crimes. The NIBRS has 48 more offense categories than the SRS, providing a much more comprehensive measure of crime.

Unlike data reported through the UCR program’s traditional SRS – an aggregate monthly crime tally – the NIBRS goes much further due to its ability to provide circumstances and context for crimes such as location, time of the day and whether the incident has been resolved.

The Volusia County Sheriff’s Office expects the new Records Management System (RMS) to go live on January 24 to enable the transition from NIBRS.

VCSO spokesman Andrew Gant said: “The new NIBRS model will capture more crime data and context than we have seen in the past with the summary reporting system. Essentially, the NIBRS captures more information about each incident, including multiple crimes that could occur in the same incident.

SRS is limited, collecting aggregated data and omitting some data in accordance with its hierarchy rule, according to Gant. A key differentiator of NIBRS is the elimination of the hierarchy rule. The UCR uses the hierarchy rule to recognize the most serious violation per incident, whereas under the NIBRS, agencies are required to submit detailed information on all violations in a single incident.

For example, if a robbery and a homicide occur in the same incident, the SRS will only count the homicide. The NIBRS collects data on up to 10 violations per incident, and the NIBRS collects data on types of violations. SRS doesn’t count at all.

“We will have more information as we get closer to the go-live date,” Gant said. “Updating our RMS system is major, especially since we are not the only ones using it, but all the police departments in the county. It took many long hours and hard work from our records and IT staff, but the result will be more in-depth crime statistics for Volusia County, on the same level that the FBI seeks to establish for the whole country.

The Ormond Beach Police Department will also transition from the UCR to the NIBRS. The transition is expected to begin later this month with the implementation of the new case management system provided by the Volusia Sheriff’s Officer as part of the consolidated county-wide dispatch and RMS.

The New Smyrna Beach Police Department is also in transition. Lt. Christopher Kirk said, “There is no record of when the New Smyrna Beach Police Department began compiling UCR reports, but it has been the standard data reporting system since the 1930s. We are currently in the process of upgrading our software and case management system to accommodate the changes, and these changes will come into effect within the next two weeks.


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